ABC’s of dietary fats.

ABC’s of Dietary Fats

Fats occur naturally in food and play an important role in health. In our body, fats and oils are used to store energy, insulate body tissues, and transport vitamins (A, E, D and K). In cooking, fats and oils help enhance flavor. 
Choose foods, fats and oils that promote health. 

BAD FATS 
Saturated Fats: Saturated fats are known to raise cholesterol and increase risk for diseases such as cancer. Artificial margarine spreads, baked goods, and even many peanut butters contain hydrogenated oils.

Trans fatty acids: Listed as partially hydrogenated oil on the ingredients list. Trans fats are added to most processed foods, to increase the product’s shelf life. 
Fried foods such as donuts, French fries and fried fish ALL have trans fats. 

Cholesterol: Our body makes cholesterol primarily in the liver. Food sources of cholesterol come only from animal sources. You can alter your diet to reduce cholesterol.

GOOD FATS 
Monounsaturated fats: Can help decrease high cholesterol when replacing saturated fats. 

Omega 3: Omega 3 fats help reduce inflammation, keep arteries pliable and promote physical and mental health. Our body does not make Omega 3 fats and we can only get them from food. 

Tips to adding healthy fats as part of your lifestyle: 

Cooking: Use olive and canola oil 
Meats: Have more, fish, poultry and buffalo. 
Spreads: Use one without partially hydrogenated oils (trans fat free) 
Meal Planning: 
• Consider vegetables the “main course” and meat the “side dish”. 
• Have one or two vegetarian (cheese and meat free) based dinners per week. 
• Baked, broiled not fried foods 
• Read the ingredients list, and avoid foods with partially hydrogenated oil 

Type of fat Sources Health Effects 
B A D F A T S 
Saturated Whole milk, butter, cheese, beef, hamburger, pork, coconut oil Raises LDL (lousy cholesterol), connected to some cancers. 
Trans fats / hydrogenated fats Margarines, fast food, pre-packaged foods, baked good and fried foods. Raises LDL, Lowers HDL (healthy cholesterol). 
Cholesterol Only in animal products. High in egg yolks and shrimp. Does not affect blood cholesterol as bad as saturated and trans fats. Limit eggs to 4/week. 
G O O D F A T S 
Monounsaturated Olives, olive oil, canola oil, peanut oil, nuts, avocados, peanuts When reducing saturated fats and substituting monounsaturated fats can lower LDL cholesterol 
Omega 3 Salmon, walnuts, ground flaxseed, flax seed oil, tofu, soy milk, dark leafy green vegetables Raises HDL cholesterol, and lowers triglycerides 
(cut out and put on your refrigerator) 

Health Reference:

http://www.umassmed.edu/nutrition/Healthy-Eating/Handouts/Dietary-Fats/

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